CEN Exam Review (Preview)

Topic Description: The CEN exam contains 20 questions related to cardiovascular emergencies. The content ranges from coronary artery disease to peripheral vascular disease. This session will assist participants to understand the various diseases that influence the cardiovascular system as well as the drugs used to treat them. Participants will be introduced to assessment of cardiovascular disorders, interventions that are appropriate for various cardiovascular disorders and methods for evaluating care given to patients with cardiovascular disorders. Topic Objectives: At the completion of this section, the learner will be able to: 1. Define preload, afterload, cardiac output and stroke volume. 2. Recognize problems with implanted pacemakers that present to the emergency department. 3. List drugs that are used to control tachycardic rhythms. 4. State nursing interventions for a patient experiencing an acute aortic dissection. 5. Differentiate between the symptoms of a right-sided myocardial infarction and a left-sided myocardial infarction. 6. Differentiate treatments implemented for arterial versus venous peripheral vascular occlusions.